Sometimes, a scene is just too big to capture in one shot unless you use a really wide, wide-angle lens. The result though, is verything except for the foreground, appearing much smaller. The option is to shoot multiple photos, zoomed in closer, as you shoot from one side to the other then later merging together in what are called panoramics. This can result in really wide photos that have very sharp details. But, there is a specific process in shooting these and the resulting files can be huge.First, a good tripod. You can try shooting hand held but the chances of getting a good, sharp panoramic is cut down tremendously. Have a tripod with a bubble level. Your base, the tripod, needs to be absolutely level or your image will travel up or down as you pan through your image. Next, the camera has to be level on the tripod. Test your leveling by panning the camera through your coverage area and making sure the camera level, stays level. Camera settings are extremely important. First, take off any polarizer filter, especially if there is any blue sky. Polarizer will result in different powers of the polarizer affecting different areas of your final image. So, you would have dark to light blue sky across the final image as you move closer to the sun. Turn the auto focus off so it is not changing focus distances as you pan across and set your f-stop and shutter settings manually. Make your initial manual settings based on the brightest area of the photo so you don't wind up blowing out the bright areas. Always shoot in RAW format because it gives you much more leeway to work with the image during post processing.You can shoot in horizontal or vertical camera positions but zoomed in panoramics in vertical position will usually give much more detail over a larger area. Wide angle, vertical shots, has one major problem to address. It is what is called the Nodal Point. This deals with the position of your camera on your tripod. This relates to how close your camera is positioned in the absolute middle of your tripod. If the camera is not in the middle of your rotating images, the photos will be taken at slightly different view points and may be distorted in final processing. Horizontally, it is usually always in the middle but vertically, the camera is always to one side of the middle or the other, unless on an L-bracket so it is mounted in vertical position above the center of the tripod. You can get great vertical results with camera not exactly centered vertically if you are zoomed into the scene a ways and not getting a close foreground in the photo. If you are trying to get a good foreground, the camera's movement as you pan through the scene, is going to keep changing the view of the foreground, which is usually distorted with a wide angle to make it bigger anyway and even more so in this situation. Trying a panoramic this way, will usually result in your close foreground being really distorted and misshapen in your final image.Panoramics can be shot from side to side or up and down, such as working your way up a waterfall, or a combination of both. Series should usually be shot from left to right in sequence and have a 20%-30% overlap. Not enough overlap and the processing program may find it hard to determine where the photos should be blended together. Scene with high contrasting elements will be easier than those with very little contrast. The final processing software will recognize contrasting points to lock onto easier than those with very little.I always shoot a photo of my hand in front of the lens before and after shooting a series for a panoramic. This way, when I get back from my trip and going through my photos, I'm reminded that a panoramic series is there. Compose with extra room at top, bottom and both sides to allow for slight bowing in the initial stitched image. Most likely to not be straight horizontal or vertical edges so you will be cropping in a little. Try to be quick but efficient in shooting your shots. Fast moving clouds can really look strange later if shot too slowly. Include any moving object, such as a boat, train or car, in only one shot. It won't line up later if overlapping or may have multiple shots of the same subject in different places. Can be done purposely too for that result, the same person walking in different locations of the photo.There are kits you can buy that will automatically rotate through and shoot the photos for you, usually, with a telephoto lens. You establish the upper and lower corners then the photos are taken side to side then down a little and side to side again til the whole scene is covered. Can be 20 photos to over 100 photos, depending on what you set it for. But, you better have a computer that can handle that size of file. Results in phenomenally sharp detail throughout the entire photo and ability to enlarge to a huge print.