The Use of Reflectors and Fill FlashThere are several ways to assist in the additional lighting of your photos, with the use of reflectors and fill flash. Reflectors can be used in close-up and macro photography to help fill in any shadow areas of your photo subject. The same with portrait photography. Reflectors typically come in colors of white, silver and gold. I often use a reflector when shooting macro photos of flowers. You can angle light from the sun, bright sky or even an alternate light source into the flower, portrait or macro subject to provide additional light to darker areas. The white reflector will give a soft light onto the subject while a silver reflector will give a little harder lighting. A gold reflector will result in a warmer, orange/yellow color to the subject. Reflectors come in varying sizes but can also be very portable by twisting into a small package. Watch the results through your viewfinder or Live View screen as you move the reflector around to see how the light is reflecting onto your subject.Fill flash is a way to use your flash at a much lower strength to just fill in a darker area of the scene in front of you to bring attention and balance to that foreground area. You can set your fill flash at different strength levels to lower or increase the area covered and brightness. The fill should be kept at a level to just fill in and help support the main subject, not overpower it. Flash can be a very white light but can be softened by use of a pop-on diffuser or warmed up by using an orange or yellow gel cover over the flash. Experiment with different strengths. Flash can also be bounced off of walls or other large areas into your scene but will take on some of the color of the area being bounced off of. Bouncing flash off of a red wall will result in a reddish color onto your scene or subject. Just like sun-lit scenes, it is better to get your flash to come from the side rather than straight onto your scene.